MCH stands for mean corpuscular haemoglobin. This indicates the amount of haemoglobin which is present in each of your red blood cells. It is just one of the metric to judge the quality of the blood and to judge whether proper haemoglobin is present in your blood or not. When you go to get your blood test done this metric that is MCH would always be included in the blood test report.
Haemoglobin is important for transporting the blood to various parts of our body and therefore judging the amount of haemoglobin to find out whether it is sufficient for properly transporting the oxygen or not is very important.
If the amount of haemoglobin which is present in each of the red blood cells is low which is indicated by the MCH count then the amount of oxygen which is carried to various parts of your body would not be proper.
If the count of MCH is low then you would be suffering from a condition known as microcytosis and if the count of meann corpuscular haemoglobin is more then you would be suffering from macrocytosis. This count indicates the amount of haemoglobin which is present in each and every red blood cell. It is important to ensure that oxygen is being supplied to all parts of your body properly.
What role does haemoglobin play in our body?
If you want to really understand the importance of meann corpuscular haemoglobin count, then you have to 1st understand the importance of haemoglobin in your body and what role does haemoglobin play in our body and then you would be able to understand how important it is to measure mean corpuscular haemoglobin.
You might have heard that blood is responsible for getting the oxygen to various parts of our body but it is not actually the blood but the haemoglobin which is present in the red blood cells contained in the blood which actually carries the oxygen. The haemoglobin absorbs the oxygen and transports it to the parts of the body.
If the content of the haemoglobin is less, then less oxygen would be absorbed whereas if the content of haemoglobin is more then more oxygen would be absorbed. That is why, when you’re suffering from haemoglobin deficiency it can affect your entire body because not enough oxygen would be carried to the parts of your body.
In such a case, when the content of haemoglobin is less the parts of your body which are at the extreme like your fingers and your toes suffer the most. The oxygen is needed by the cells in our body to carry out the metabolic functions.
The problem in this starts when the red blood cells in our body are smaller than the average size of the red blood cells and then the amount of haemoglobin which is contained in the small red blood cells is also on the lower side. If the iron content in your body is on the lower side, then the number of red blood cells as well as the size of those red blood cells is also less. This problem is known as anaemia and this causes microcytosis.
This problem when detected by the blood tests can be solved easily with the help of the nutritional supplements. Another cause of this problem is thalassemia and in this ailment, the haemoglobin which is produced by the body is not proper at all and therefore is not able to carry on its normal functions of carrying the oxygen.
The exact opposite problem also poses a lot of health risk like the mean corpuscular haemoglobin count being higher than average. It causes macrocytosis. In this problem, the size of the red blood cells is more than the average size of the red blood cells and therefore the haemoglobin which is present in the blood cells is also more and more oxygen is required by the body which puts stress on the lungs because the amount of oxygen which it can produce at a certain period of time is limited. This is mostly due to the vitamin deficiency and because your body is going on producing new red blood cells.
As you can see, mean corpuscular haemoglobin count is very important in order to determine whether our body would be able to function properly or not. That is why, whenever you are going for a normal blood test the MCH count will always be taken to ensure the quality and quantity of red blood cells in your body. This would also let you know about the haemoglobin count in your body.
In both of the cases, when you have a high MCH count as well as a low MCH count, it is an indication of some sort of the problem in the body and therefore some treatment is always needed. Once your doctor sees the low or the high MCH count they would advise you a couple of other tests which would help them in determining what is the exact cause of this problem.
In some of the cases, the low or the high MCH count is a symptom of some other disease and therefore it is important to detect this disease within the stipulated period of time so that you can begin the treatment for that disease. A good example of this is the high MCH count which can be a symptom of liver disease. Doctors often recommend the test to measure the MCH count along with other type of blood tests as well.
So, now that you know about the MCH count that is the mean corpuscular haemoglobin count, the next time you see it in your report it would not be a mystery and you would be able to exactly understand what it means and whether it is above average or whether it is below average and depending on this your doctor would be able to advise you the proper treatment as well so that you are able to bring back your MCH count back to normal and the normal supply of oxygen to the various parts of your body is also resumed.