There are various problems in dogs which are very difficult to detect and ear mites is one of them. Ear mites is a common problem in dogs especially if they like being outdoors a lot and specially if you live in the rural area. The easiest way to detect the presence of ear mites in dogs is to observe their behaviour.
When dogs are suffering from the problem of ear mites, you would notice that the dogs are frequently scratching their ears and also shaking their head more frequently to get rid of ear mites from their ears.
Ear mites are easily visible in the ears of the dog in the form of black dots which are nothing but the dead bodies of the ear mites as they have a very low life expectancy. Also, these black dots are also accompanied by the foul smell.
Ear mites can spread pretty rapidly and therefore it is important to detect them in time and to start the treatment in time and a single consultation at the vet, can help you in detecting the problem of ear mites in your dog.
How to get rid of ear mites in dogs?
Once you have detected the presence of ear mites in your dog it is time to start the treatment of ear mites as soon as possible because if you do not start the treatment soon, ear mites can easily spread to other parts of the body as well. Also, the scratching which is done by the dog can lead to a wound and thereby causing an infection as well and therefore it is important to provide the relief to the dog from the ear mites as soon as possible.
We would be going into some of the ways in which you can reduce the ear mites and eliminate them in your dogs.
Cleaning the ear of your dogs:
This might seem is a commonsense step but most of the people do it in a wrong way. You need to 1st user ear cleanser which are specifically made for the dogs and then you had to remove that and ensure that you clean the ears with the help of a sterilised cotton. This process can also be explained by your vet as well.
If the dog is in too much pain then the dog would not allow you to clean his or her ears and in such a case you need to consult your vet.
Using drops to clean your dogs ear:
There are quite a few drops which can help you in eliminating ear mites and you can ask about this from the pharmacist as well as from the vet and once you have these drops you have to tilt dogs head to the other side and lift the ear and then put those drops. You have to do the same on the other side as well. You have to strictly administer the quantity of drops which have been prescribed by your vet and ensure that you do it as frequently as prescribed by the vet.
Helping the drops penetrate into the ear canal:
Most of the people just administer the drops and do not actually look into whether the drops have penetrated the ear canal or whether they have come out of the ear. If the drops are coming out of the ear then they would not be having any benefit in treating the ear mites and therefore it is important that you massage the base of the ear of the dogs to ensure that they are going into the ear canal instead of leaking out. If at all some drops do leak out then you have to ensure that you clean them with the soft and clean cloth.
Treating the infection due to scratching:
As we mentioned above, due to extensive scratching by the dog sometimes there is a wound near the ear which results in an infection and you have to get this examined by the vet and get a prescription for a anti septic or antibacterial solution and you have to apply it in order to ensure that the infection does not spread further. There are many such anti septic or antibacterial solutions which you can apply in this area but it is important to consult your vet for the right kind of solution and for the frequency at which you have to apply it.
You need to also ensure that before you apply the anti septic or the antibacterial solution, you clean the area with sterilised cotton so that any of the pus or blood or sweat is cleaned and then only you had to apply the solution.
Continuing the treatment as prescribed:
Ear mites are very small and therefore when there is a reduction in the quantity of ear mites they might not be visible to you when you lift the ear of the dog but they still do exist and therefore it is important for you to ensure that you continue with the treatment even after you are not able to visibly see either ear mites. Even after that ear mites are eliminated, there are a lot of eggs which are left after the adult ear mites and if you do not eliminate them, then the dog would again be suffering from ear mites and therefore it is important that you continue with the prescribed treatment. In most of the situations, you need to continue the treatment for at least 10 to 12 days to ensure that the ear mites as well as the eggs are also eliminated. This would also ensure that the problem does not reoccur.
Precautions to avoid ear mites:
There are certain common things which you can do to avoid the occurrence of ear mites in the future and one of them is to always make sure that the ears of the dog are dry after bathing and after swimming because ear mites thrive in moist conditions and that is why, you need to keep the ears of your dog completely dry.
Ear mites are a common occurrence in pets and they can occur in cats too. If your cat is also suffering from ear mites then you can look at our article how to get rid of ear mites in cats?
So, ear mites can be easily eliminated as long as you start the treatment within time and as long as you continue with the treatment as prescribed by the vet.