How does a wind turbine work?

Over the years there has been a continuous thrust on using renewable energy which is clean for the environment and which does not deplete the natural resources of the planet.

There are many such forms of energy and one of the most popular ones is wind energy which is harnessed with the help of wind turbines.

When you look at a wind turbine you would see a large column with the fan on top and this looks similar to the fan which is they are in the air turboprop aircrafts but the wind turbine is a stationary and does not go anywhere and the fan which mows according to the wind which is present is used to generate energy known as wind energy.

If you look at a wind turbine you would find that it is pretty large in size and in most of the cases is located in a location which is not very densely populated.

The working of the wind turbine is not clear to a lot of people and many people do wonder how does a wind turbine managed to generate electricity.

Working off a wind turbine:

A turbine usually mows with the help of some kind of a liquid or gas and a wind turbine as the name suggest most due to the air which is in the cashier’s form.

These turbines are used in a wide range of applications ranging from the hydroelectric power to the jet engines to the turboprops as we mentioned above and also in the railroad locomotives.

If you looked at a wind turbine you would see that it has a fan in the front and this fan is moved with the help of the wind which is passing by and whenever something is flowing are passing by you would find out that it consist of kinetic energy due to which the moment is possible and same is the case with wind and therefore this kinetic energy in wind makes the turbine move.

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The blades of the turbine are in such a manner that they are able to capture a large amount of kinetic energy from the air which is flowing and due to this the efficiency of a wind turbine is actually pretty high.

wind turbine

Even when the wind is high you might have noticed that the speed of rotation of the turbine is not that great and this brings us to the question whether the speed at which the turbine usually mows is enough to generate electricity and this is where the second part of the wind turbine comes in which is the gearbox.

The main function of the gearbox is to convert the slow speed of the blades of the turbine and to hire speed motion which can be used to generate sufficient amount of electricity to make the entire operation worth it.

The gearbox as we explained about would increase the speed of the rotational motion so that it is high enough to generate electricity. This gearbox rotates the shaft which is generated to work electric generator and only sufficient amount of electricity would be generated if the speed of rotation of the shaft is high enough. This is where the role of the gearbox becomes very important in generating electricity with the help of wind turbines.

You might have seen a dynamo on a bicycle and how it is able to generate light with the help of the energy which is nothing but the kinetic moment of the wheels when you’re moving the bicycle and same is the case with the electric generator which is present in the wind turbines but the scale of power generation as well as the scale of generator is much higher than that of a dynamo.

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The energy which is generated with the help of the electric generator is not used at the spot like in the case of a dynamo but rather it is stored and then transmitted hundreds of miles away to where it is used by the consumer.

Many people think that wind turbines are actually not entirely reliant because they are dependent on the speed of the wind and if the speed of the wind is reduced drastically than the amount of energy which is generated by the wind turbine would also be reduced and therefore not many people like to think that they are electricity supply should be dependent only on wind turbines but the truth is entirely different.

When you check the location of the wind turbines off most of the utility companies you would find that they are spread across a wide geographical area and this ensures that if there is less wind in some geographical area then it is balanced out by some other geographical area which is having more went and there is hardly a scenario when there is no wind to speak of.

That is why when the geographical location of the wind turbines is actually pretty diverse you can be sure that at some or the other location the speed of the wind would be sufficient enough to generate the amount of electricity which is needed by the consumers.

The only problem is that when you’re installing a wind turbine you how to select the location very specifically and you had to go as high as possible. This location is not very easily accessible for most of the people and even though the wind turbines actually require very little amount of maintenance, still the maintenance is very difficult to perform since the locations are not entirely accessible.

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Another problem with the wind turbine is that the amount of energy which is produced by a conventional wind turbine is not the same as that produced by a power plant and if you want to compare the energy then energy which is produced by a single powerplant would be produced by up to 2000 turbines. This would ensure a large investment in setting up the turbines and then monitoring these turbines. With that being said still they have a advantage because of the green energy which they are producing.