How do water softeners work?

Water softeners are used to convert hard water into soft water.

Many people are not aware about the 2 types of water and that is why, they only recognize hard water when it leaves the stains on utensils and other things which come in contact with hard water.

Before we go into the details of converting hard water into soft water and how do water softeners work we need to 1st find out what is a hard water and soft water.

Basically the difference is in the composition of the water which we would be discussing below.

After that, we would be explaining how these extra ingredients in hard water are eliminated to convert into soft water with the help of proper techniques.

What is hard water and soft water?

Hard water is actually the water which is consisting of a large number of minerals such as calcium and magnesium whereas soft water is pure water which is at the most containing ions of sodium.

During the reign the water which falls from the sky is soft water but as the water makes way through the ground minerals like calcium and magnesium get mixed with the water and this causes the formation of hard water.

Hard water cannot be used for the purposes of drinking or washing clothes are barking and therefore it is necessary to convert the hard water into soft water and this is done with the help of water softeners.

How do water softeners work?

water softener diagram

If you want to know about the working of the water softener is in a nutshell then you had to understand that this process works with the help of the exchange of the ions that is the ions of magnesium and calcium are exchanged with the audience of sodium and potassium which are nothing but salt and therefore they do not affect the water in any way.

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The process of ion exchange is a technical process and this actually takes place in the part of the water softener which is known as the resin tank.

When the water is flowing through the resin tank, the resins are covered with the ions of potassium and sodium and when the water is flowing through them these irons trade places with the ions of calcium and magnesium which they are in the hard water and therefore after this treatment the soft water actually consist of a large quantity of salt.
hard water and soft waterThe resins which are present in the tank of the water softener only have a specific shelf life because after certain number of conversions the beads become exhausted. That is why you had to replace them from time to time in a water softener.

You have to keep on replacing the salt ions in the brine tank which is right beside the tank in which the actual conversion takes place and therefore these irons are continuously being supplied to the beat so that the replacement goes on for a very long period of time.

Whenever the brine tank is actually supplying with the sodium importation ions to the main tank the ions of magnesium and calcium which are present in the main tank are exchanged to with the ions which are present in the brine tank and therefore the main tank again consist of a large number of ions of sodium importation for conversion.

Demand initiated water softener:

These work in the same way as the normal water softeners but the only difference is that they actually measure the hard water to find out whether conversion is actually needed or not or you have another type of water softener as well in which you can set a timer during which the water softener converts the water into soft water and for the rest of the time it does not convert the water into soft water.

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This ensures that the irons which are to be replaced are used in a economical manner and only when really needed and therefore the demand initiated water softener is a much-needed advancement to the traditional type of water softener.

Type of salts which are used to replace the ions:
The type of salts which are inserted into the brine tank to be fed into the main tank for the conversion of hard water to soft water are of different types and we would be discussing about the options which you have below.

Rock salt: rock salt is one of the most affordable options which you have got when you’re thinking of converting the hard water into soft water but you had to understand that this also contains a lot of insoluble matter and therefore you if you are quickly regenerating then you would find the a lot of insoluble matter which gets stuck inside the tanks and therefore you would have to clean the tank again and again. If you are making an average use in a household then you would not have any kind of problems with the rock salt as well.

Solar salt: This type of salt is better in quality than the rock salt and is more expensive as well but the quantity of insoluble material which is contained in this type of salt is very less and therefore there will be very less residue as compared to the rock salt when you’re using this type of salt.

Evaporated salt: This is the type of salt which we actually consume in our Ford and therefore this is completely refined salt and whenever you are using this type of salt to convert a hard water to soft water there is completely no residue. Needless to say this is the most expensive type of salt which can be used to treat hard water.

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What are the alternative ways in which you can treat hard water?

There are some other methods which can be used to treat hard water as well but the options which are available are severely limited and these methods do not work on the eye and exchange are on the replacement of the calcium and magnesium but rather they just change the properties of the hard water so that the effects of the hard water are much less visible and therefore they do not actually convert the hard water into soft water but just make it less effective but the irons and the molecules of calcium and magnesium are still in the hard water which is being used. This is the reason that they are not very effective.

If you are using the hard water in daily usage in your household then it is recommended to convert that into soft water and then continue using it and there are water softeners which are very affordable and which are easily available as well to convert the hard water into soft water.